By Kenneth M. Setton, Harry W. Hazard
The six volumes of A historical past of the Crusades will stand because the definitive historical past of the Crusades, spanning 5 centuries, encompassing Jewish, Moslem, and Christian views, and containing a wealth of data and research of the background, politics, economics, and tradition of the medieval international
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Extra resources for A History of the Crusades, Vol. 3: The Fourteenth and Fifteenth Centuries
80. In the first years after the final carving up of the old Ottoman Middle East, the European architects were busy refining the end product. It was a period of adjustments, usually introduced as the result of changes of priorities in the capitals of the European powers, or of local initiatives. In 1924 for instance, Britain separated the Sudan from Egypt, wishing to make it an independent British stronghold both in the Middle East and in Africa. The assassination of the British Governor General in the Sudan was attributed to the negative influence of Egyptian nationalism on the Sudan and was used as a pretext for the new mapping.
Poets, writers and in their wake politicians saw its fate as bound up with the whole Arab world as did the Left around the world. Neither the Palestinians nor their host countries supported the resettlement of the refugees in the Arab world, and the discrimination against Palestinians in Israel and the dismal conditions in which the millions of refugees lived increased international solidarity for the Palestinians. The emergence in 1959 of a Palestinian guerilla movement, the Fatah, enabled people to identify with a specific organization and not just a cause.
Slowly and gradually, but more rapidly after the assassination of President Kennedy in 1963, Israel was built into an American bastion in the region. In the late 196os, arms supply began to flow into the jewish State and later on grants and money created a disproportionate role for Israel, associating American interests with those of Israel in the minds of Middle Eastern people, in a way that did not always benefit either the Americans or the Israelis. This identification certainly did not help to solve the conflict in Palestine.
A History of the Crusades, Vol. 3: The Fourteenth and Fifteenth Centuries by Kenneth M. Setton, Harry W. Hazard