By William Stivers
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Extra resources for America’s Confrontation with Revolutionary Change in the Middle East, 1948–83
It could not refuel at Aden due to political turmoil and labour strikes. When the Joint Chiefs ordered two EA-3B aircraft transferred from Spain to Japan, the pilots ended up by spending twenty-five days en route and 36 America and Revolution in the Middle East required numerous messages and phone calls to arrange overflight permission and logistics support. The 1967 Arab-Israeli War compounded Washington's strategic dilemma. A small US carrier just barely slipped through the Suez Canal before it closed.
He did not pay sufficient attention to the fact that Kennedy, the Arabs and the Navy 41 the Arab states did not want to absorb the Palestinians. Neither did he consider what the Palestinians thought about the matter. He was left with a programme that accorded closely with Israeli views, but which would never be accepted by Arab governments. 12 In addition, rather than dealing directly with the Palestinian problem, Kennedy decided to work through the UN. He got nowhere with this oblique approach.
American policy makers saw the problem clearly and struggled to resolve it. The strategic islands were critical to the resolution they would seek. In a memorandum prepared in April of 1963, Jeffrey C. Kitchen, Director of the State Department's Bureau of Politico-Military Affairs, noted the implications of Britain's territorial retreat. 'Until about 1948,' he wrote, the British had full political control of a number of military bases of varying capability which provided for almost all types of military operations in the Indian Ocean area.
America’s Confrontation with Revolutionary Change in the Middle East, 1948–83 by William Stivers