By Alexis de Tocqueville
A strong new translation of de Tocqueville's influential examine the origins of contemporary France during this penetrating learn, Alexis de Tocqueville considers the French Revolution within the context of France's heritage. de Tocqueville nervous that even supposing the innovative spirit was once nonetheless alive and good, liberty was once not its basic aim. simply because the first Republic had fallen to Napoleon and the second one had succumbed to his nephew Napoleon III, he feared that each one destiny revolutions could event a similar destiny, eternally imperiling the advance of democracy in France.
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Additional info for Ancien Regime and the French Revolution
Detailed discussion of each area’s topography, climate, natural resources, and agricultural productivity can be found in the more specialized geographies referenced in the endnotes;36 here I want merely to identify the features and administrative names most germane to the book’s arguments. I recommend consulting Map 1 with the following descriptions. Asia Minor, the sea-washed Turkish peninsula, was formed of a central steppe tableland, walled off to the east by the Taurus range and descending along the valleys of westward-running rivers to the Greek-colonized Aegean coastline.
Dynastic strife and Timarchus’ revolt had fatally eroded Seleucid authority in the Upper Satrapies: under Mithridates I, the Parthian kingdom had expanded from the Caspian region to occupy Media in 148/7, Babylonia in 141, and Elymaïs in 140. Demetrius II’s anabasis to recover these lands was terminated by his capture and imprisonment at the Parthian court, where he was given away to Mithridates I’s daughter Rhodogune. Demetrius II’s younger brother, Antiochus VII Sidetes (138–129), now sailed to Syria to ﬁ ll his captive brother’s empty throne and bed, marrying Cleopatra Thea at Seleucia-in-Pieria.
Seleucus, like Alexander, crossed the river Indus (a metonymy for royal invasion),26 but he met his equal, Chandragupta. In other words, diplomacy is to bounded political space what mutiny is to universal political space. The new world order’s multicentrism results in a historical narrative of multiple agency. The terms of the treaty, no doubt much negotiated, indicate an economy of exchange. Space is convertible. Seleucid power was not yet embedded in a deﬁned territory: its eastern lands function, like Chandragupta’s elephants, as one resource of the kingdom.
Ancien Regime and the French Revolution by Alexis de Tocqueville